Sleep Apnea is a condition that disturbs an individual's breathing while they sleep. It causes short pauses in breathing, which can happen 30 times or within an hour. There are three primary kinds of sleep apnea: obstructive, central, and mixed.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA): As the most common type of sleep apnea, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) occurs when throat muscles relax and soft tissues collapses and blocks your airway.
Central Sleep Apnea (CSA): Your brain doesn’t effectively tell your body to breathe. This is commonly associated with conditions like arthritis, encephalitis, and Parkinson’s disease.
Mixed Sleep Apnea - Individuals experience a combination of OSA and CSA symptoms.
Signs and Symptoms
The following symptoms can be indications of sleep apnea:
Frequent pauses in breath while sleeping
Waking up feeling short of breath
Difficulty falling back asleep when you wake up during the night
Headaches in the morning
Sore throat or dry mouth when you first wake up
Sleepiness and fatigue throughout the day even with a full night's rest
Who is at Risk?
Sleep Apnea can affect anyone throughout their lives. You may be more at risk for sleep apnea if any of the following applies to you:
Over the age of 40
Large neck, tongue, uvula, or tonsils
Gastroesophageal reflux (GERD)
Nasal blockage from allergies, deviated septum, or other sinus issues.
Sleep apnea runs in your family
Severe medical conditions can happen if sleep apnea isn’t treated in a timely manner:
High blood pressure
You can try to reduce your chances of getting sleep apnea by maintaining a good diet, exercising, and with a healthy sleep schedule, ensuring you get a substantial amount of sleep and go to bed and wake up around the same time each day/night. To further prevent sleep apnea, consider the following:
Avoid alcohol, sleeping pills, and other sedatives that can relax your throat and constrict breathing.
Sleep in a comfortable position and remember the soft tissues in your throat can collapse and disrupt breathing more easily when you sleep on your back.
Losing weight can decrease the pressure on your neck and heart and allow you to sleep with fewer disruptions.
Dr. Sachdev and his team want to help you sleep peacefully through the night. We understand each patient has unique needs, which is why we work hard to a find solution for your specific issue and create a personalized treatment plan.
We may use the following treatments to help you sleep through the night: